10 Grizzly Parasites

October 12, 2009

Definition of a parasite:  something that lives in, with, or on another organism and obtains benefits from the host, which it usually injures.

So thats nice and here are some beauties…

tongue eating parasite in greater weever-1

1. The Tongue Eating Parasite On the Greater Weaver fish

There are varying types of tongue eaters across the world some growing up to 4cm [2”]. They are commonly found in temperate waters but some have recently been found off the coast of the UK.

Their working method is to enter the fish via its gills, locate the tongue and clasp themselves to it. They then gorge on the blood from the artery supply. Starved of nourishment the tongue eventually withers away leaving the parasite attached to its stub, in order to maintain its prized position the parasite then behaves like the original organ directing incoming food to the stomach and enjoying the odd bit of fish mucous and blood along the way.

pork tapeworm -brain

2. Pork Tapeworm

This worm is apparently familiar to neurologists; in some cases where patients have complained of severe headaches and seizures further examination during surgery has found that the problem has actually been caused by a parasite eating the brain. Caught early enough it is possible for a person to make a full recovery, but how does this happen? The theory is that if you eat undercooked pork [that houses the parasite] the worm will locate in your intestine, if you eat food that is tainted with the feces of a person infected with the pork tapeworm – well then this leads to the eggs of the worm traveling in your bloodstream to the brain – or eye – maturing, laying more eggs and feeding.

parasite out of head

3. The Human Bot Fly

Native to Central and South America the botfly resembles a bumble bee in size and hairiness. It lays its eggs by capturing a mosquito and attaching the creamy oval shaped eggs to its underside.  The mosquito is then released and when feeding on an animal or human the eggs hatch, from the warmth and larvae enter the skin of their new host, leaving a hole in the surface in order to breath. It takes from 6-8 weeks for them to fully develop and drop off.

horsehair worm

4. Horsehair Worms

Normally found in water the adults are free living and can grow up to a foot in length. They develop as parasites in the bodies of grasshoppers’ crickets and beetles.  What’s interesting is when ready to find a mate they will seemingly take control of their hosts mind and make them leap into the closest pool of water – where they then exit through the anus leaving their host to drown.

leo in snail

5. The Green–banded broodsac

A flatworm found in feces this parasite is picked up by snails as an intermediate host, what it needs though is for the snail to be picked up by a bird, therefore it extends into the snails tentacles changing them into swollen green pulsating tubes – similar looking to a caterpillar. This attracts birds that then eat the snail and the maturing parasite can then start eating on the bird whilst laying eggs that the bird will poo out, which snails will then eat…..

emerald jewel wasp

6. The Emerald Jewel Wasp

This wasp first uses her stinger to penetrate a cockroach’s abdomen followed by the same procedure in a specific part of its brain, this results in the roach becoming zombified, allowing the wasp to drag it to her burrow lay her eggs on it, eat the antennae for a spot of lunch and then leave. After a few days the eggs will hatch and begin to consume the roach until they are fully developed and ready to fly off.

candiru_spines

7. The Candiru

A tiny parasitic catfish that lives in the Amazon the Candiru or toothpick fish feeds off the blood of larger fish by entering their gills and biting the nearest artery. More disturbingly however it has been known to enter a mans willy whilst peeing in the river, chomping its way up through flesh until too gorged to exit, this being particularly painful for the victim.

filarial worm

8. The Filarial Worm

Spread by Flies and mosquitos these parasites are injected by the thousand in one bite. They take a year to mature in the body where they, depending on type, invade the stomach eyes or lymphatic system, in the latter case causing massive swelling of limbs or genitals commonly known as Elephantitis. In tropical regions as many as 120 million people are infected at any one time.

fungi

9. Parasitic Fungi – Cordyceps

Spores of the fungus attach themselves to the ant and enter its body via the tracheae it then begins to feed on the ant’s soft tissue until ready to mature when it will enter the brain and through chemical pheromones cause the ant to climb a plant and clamp onto a stem, from here the fungus kills its host by eating the brain and sprouting spores from the ants head.

flesh eating

10. Leishmaniasis Parasites

Transmitted by the bite of a sand fly – which can contain more than 1000 parasites – and entering into the skin blood and tissues of the human host, this affliction has been dubbed the flesh eating disease as the parasites eat breed and spread throughout the body leaving large lesions and in the worst cases attacking vital organs. The acute versions can take months to be identified and require intensive medical treatment.

source neurophilosophy.wordpress.com marlerblog.com en.wikipedia.org fishindex.blogspot.com

Mostly I look in wonder and marvel at the great beauty of nature in all its forms – but not in this case, these are just plain ugly….

fangtooth-fish

1. Fangtooth

Present in oceans around the world the Fangtooth is one of the deepest living species to be found – going as far as 5,000 m.  They grow to around 16 cm with a rather large head and proportionally the largest teeth of any fish. They eat squid and other small fish which they hunt by a process researchers call contact chemoreception – essentially finding food by bumping into it.

Seasky.org biology-blog.com

viperfish

2. Viper Fish

The Viper Fish lives in tropical and temperate waters at depths of 1500 m although like a lot of deep sea creatures it vertically migrates to around 500 m at night to feed on crustaceans and other small fish, luring them with a long rod like organ with a flashing light on the end. The viperfish grows up to 60cm long and is believed to live for over 15 years.

Australianmuseum.net.au

Hairy Angler Fish

Hairy Angler Fish

3. Angler Fish

There are more than 200 species of angler fish worldwide living at varying depths , some up to a mile below the surface; they are easily identifiable by the fleshy growth from their heads [called an esca] which acts as a lure for prey by imitating a much smaller fish. Generally dark grey or brown most are less than 30 cm long but some can grow to up to a meter in length. Angler fish consume their prey whole; by distending their jaw and stomach they are able to eat creatures twice as large as their entire body. The male is considerably smaller and from birth seeks the female for survival latching on as a parasite before completely fusing with the female losing everything but its gonads. A female will carry over six males on her body.

animals.nationalgeographic.com

blobfish-1

4. Blobfish

There is not much known about this it seems other than it lives in deep waters, around 800 m – mainly around the coast of Australia and Tasmania, it [clearly] has a significant lack of bone and muscle which allows it to bob along just above the surface of the sea floor eating whatever passes by, it is thought to grow up to a maximum of 30 cm in length.

teara.govt.nz

Hatchet fish

5. Salt Water Hatchetfish

There are around 45 different species worldwide the largest growing to 12cm found at depths of up to 1,370 m in tropical and subtropical waters. They are made distinct by their very thin laterally compressed bodies and large protruding eyes which are angled upward allowing them to search for food overhead.

www.seasky.org

black_dragonfish

6. Black Dragonfish

Found at depths of up to 2000 m in subtropical and temperate waters in the southern hemisphere. The females grow to 40 cm in length with males reaching only 5 cm. Like lots of other deep sea fish they have photophores scattered over their bodies that can produce light.  The larval black dragonfish have their eyes on stalks extending from their head.

itsnature.org

sppokfish

7. Spookfish

Spookfish live in depths of 1700 to 2600 m deep, grow up to 1.2m in length and have been found in the West Indian and Pacific oceans. Their distinguishing feature is a long narrow flexible snout which has sensory features on the underside to help it locate its prey on the sea floor. They eat smaller fish and crustaceans by crushing them with their beak like mouths.

imagebaker.com

deep sea lizard fish2

8. Lizard Fish

Found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world at depths of 400m at most. There are around 60 species all with the distinguishing feature of needle like teeth in their mouths and on their tongue, they grow up to 60 cm, prefer living on the sea bed and are often camouflaged to their environments.

flickr.com

giant grenadier

9. Giant Grenadier

A member of the rattail family named due to their long pointed tails. Lives at depths up to 3,500 m and grows to over 2 m. They spend most of their time swimming along the sea bed searching for carcasses and most other sea creatures including crabs worms and cephalopods.

extremescience.com

hagfish

10. Hagfish

Hagfish have a couple of less than discerning characteristics, first they secrete a protein when attacked that turns into copious amounts of slime – an adult can turn a 20 litre bucket of water to slime in a matter of minutes – this special feature suffocates the predator and enables the hagfish to escape which it does by tying itself into a knot and slipping through. Secondly they are known to enter the bodies of their prey either by mouth or by attaching themselves and boring through; they then devour their victim from the inside out. The largest hagfish grow up to 127 cm long and are found in depths of 1,800m. cliquee.net

sources en.wikipedia.0rg fishbase.org

10 Airplane Titters

October 9, 2009

This is from pilotfriends.com ….

Apparently, after every flight, Qantas pilots fill out a form, called a ‘gripe sheet’, which tells mechanics about problems with the aircraft.  The mechanics correct the problems; document their repairs on the form, and then pilots review the gripe sheets before the next flight.

Never let it be said that ground crews lack a sense of humour. Here are some actual maintenance complaints submitted by Qantas’ Pilots and the solutions recorded by maintenance engineers.

1) Pilots: Left inside main tire almost needs replacement.
Engineers: Almost replaced left inside main tire.

2) Pilots: Test flight OK, except auto-land very rough.
Engineers: Auto-land not installed on this aircraft.

3) Pilots: Something loose in cockpit.
Engineers: Something tightened in cockpit.

4) Pilots: Dead bugs on windshield.

Engineers: Live bugs on back-order.

5) Pilots: Evidence of leak on right main landing gear.

Engineers: Evidence removed.

6) Pilots: Friction locks cause throttle levers to stick.
Engineers: That’s what they’re for.

7) Pilots: Suspected crack in windshield.
Engineers: Suspect you’re right.

8 ) Pilots: Number 3 engine missing.

Engineers: Engine found on right wing after brief search.

9) Pilots: Aircraft handles funny.

Engineers: Aircraft warned to straighten up, fly right, and be serious.

10) Pilots: Target radar hums

Engineers: Reprogrammed target radar with lyrics.


Top 20 Airplane Squeals

October 9, 2009

“Both optimists and pessimists contribute to our society. The optimist invents the airplane and the pessimist the parachute.” – G. B. Shaw

So the pilot said to air traffic control and air traffic control said to the pilot ….

1)    Control Tower Flight XXX for noise abatement turn right 45 Degrees.
Pilot Centre, we are at 35,000 feet. How much noise can we make up here?
Control Tower Sir, have you ever heard the noise a 747 makes when it hits a 727?

2)    From an unknown aircraft waiting in a very long takeoff queue –

Unknown Aircraft I’m F##king bored.
Control Tower Last aircraft transmitting identify yourself immediately.
Unknown Aircraft I said I was f##king bored, not f##king stupid!

3)    Control Tower Eastern 702, cleared for takeoff, contact departure on frequency 124.7.

Eastern 702 Tower, Eastern 702 switching to Departure. By the way, after we lifted off we saw some kind of dead animal on the far end of the runway

Control Tower Continental 635, cleared for takeoff behind Eastern 702, contact Departure on frequency 124.7. Did you copy that report from Eastern 702?
Continental 635 Continental 635, cleared for takeoff, roger; and yes, we copied Eastern… we’ve already notified our caterers.

4)    Allegedly while taxiing at London’s Gatwick Airport the crew of a US Air flight departing for Ft. Lauderdale made a wrong turn and came nose to nose with a United 727. An irate female ground controller lashed out at the US Air crew, screaming – US Air 2771 where the hell are you going? I told you to turn right onto Charlie taxiway. You turned right on Delta. Stop right there. I know it’s difficult for you to tell the difference between C and D but get it right. Continuing her rage to the embarrassed crew she was now shouting hysterically – God! Now you’ve screwed everything up. It’ll take forever to sort this out. You stay right there and don’t move until I tell you to. You can expect progressive taxi instructions in about half an hour and I want you to go exactly where I tell you, when I tell you, and how I tell you. You got that US Air 2771?  – US Air 2771? Yes ma’am the humbled crew responded. Naturally, the ground control communications frequency fell very silent after the verbal bashing of US Air 2771. Nobody wanted to chance engaging the irate ground controller in her current state of mind. Tension in every cockpit out around Gatwick was definitely running high. Just then an unknown pilot broke the silence and keyed his microphone asking: “Wasn’t I married to you once?”

5)    A Difficult LandingThis airline had a policy that required the first officer to stand at the door while the passengers exited, smile and give them a – ‘Thanks for flying XYZ airline’.

An airline pilot on this particular flight hammered his plane into the runway really hard.  In light of his bad landing, he had difficulty looking the passengers in the eye, all the time he

thought that a passenger would have a smart comment. However, it seemed that all the passengers were too shell shocked to say anything. Finally, everyone had gotten off except for

this little old lady walking with a cane.  She said, ‘Sonny, mind if I ask you a question?’ Why no Ma’am, said the pilot what is it, the little old lady said, ‘Did we land, or were we shot down?’

6)    A BA 747 pilot had waited for takeoff clearance for 45 minutes.  A German 737 was cleared immediately. The BA pilot asked the tower why the German aircraft had been given clearance at once. Before the tower could reply, the German pilot came back with “Because I got up very early this morning and put a towel on the runway.”

7)    It was a sunny day in Korso, Finland and a FinnAir MD-11 was moving towards runway 22L

Finn MD Tower, those photographers should be moved from their place.

Tower They have permission

Fin MD They really should be removed

Tower They really have permission

Fin MD We are lined up on runway 22L. Remove those photographers

Tower For the last time they have permission so will not be removed

Fin MD Tower, Ok then. Will be flying to Beijing and those boys will fly to Korso!

8)    Tower Mission 123, do you have any problems?

Pilot I think I’ve lost my compass

Tower Judging by the way you’re flying you’ve lost the whole instrument panel.

9)    Tower CRX600, are you on course to SUL?

Pilot More or less

Tower So proceed a little more to SUL

10)  Female terminal controller to a male pilot after a lengthy request: “Last time I gave a pilot everything he wanted, I was on antibiotics for three weeks.”

11) Tower ….and for your information you were slightly to the left of the centreline of that approach

Speedbird That’s correct, and my first officer was slightly to the right

t0.gstatic.com

12) Tower USA 353 contact Cleveland Centre 135.60

Pause

Tower USA 353 contact Cleveland Centre 135.60

Pause

Tower USA 353 – you’re just like my wife, you never listen

Pilot Centre, this is USA 553, maybe if you called her by the right name you’d get a better response.

13) Tower FAR 1234 confirm your type of aircraft. Are you an airbus 330 or 340?

Pilot A340 of course

Tower Then would you mind switching on the two other engines and give me 1000 feet per minute please.

14) Pilot FLX 30 we just have a few gallons of fuel

Tower Please give us your position we don’t see you on the radar

Pilot We are standing at runway 2 and want to know when the fuel truck will come.

15) Washington D.C., Clearance Delivery GAF269, you are cleared to destination Indian Springs via after takeoff radar vectors to 4000 feet thereafter present position direct BOM do not pass BOM at 6000 feet or below after passing 15000 feet turn right on heading 280 to intercept J156 direct ZZT thereafter intercept J158, own navigation read back.
GAF 269 Roger German Air Force 269 is cleared to Destination Indian Springs via after takeoff radar vectors to 4000 feet thereafter present position direct BOM do not pass BOM at 6000 feet or below after passing 15000 feet turn right on heading 280 to intercept J156 direct ZZT thereafter intercept J158 own navigation and I need another pencil.

16) ATIS stands for ‘Automated Terminal Information Service’ which is a recorded message broadcast at most busy airports. ATIS gives pilots the current wind, air traffic, and runway information and each time the information changes, the broadcast is revised, with each revision being assigned the next letter in the phonetic alphabet. This designation is included in the broadcast, which is identified as, ‘Information Alpha… Bravo, Charlie…etc. At ATIS-equipped airports, pilots are required to listen to the recording prior to contacting Approach Control or the tower and must repeat the ‘Information so-and-so’ identifier when they make their initial radio call.

Scenario: it was night over Las Vegas and ‘Information Hotel’ was current on the ATIS. Mooney 33W wasn’t too sharp, but he didn’t let that stop him from talking to Approach Control.

Approach Mooney 33W, confirm you have ‘Hotel.’

Mooney 33W Uhhhmm, we’re flying into McCarren International. Uhhhmm, we don’t have a hotel room yet.

After that, Approach was laughing too hard to respond. The next several calls went something like this call to United 583 (which didn’t make it any easier to stop laughing)…

Approach United 583, descend to Flight Level 220.

United 583 United 583, down to Flight Level 220. We don’t have a hotel room, either.

17)  Heard from the radio at EFHK (Helsinki, Finland) –  A MD-80 was holding short of runway 22 during the rush-hour.

Tower XXX123, are you ready for immediate?
XXX123 Affirm.
Tower XXX123, roger, cleared for IMMEDIATE takeoff runway 22, wind XXX at XX
XXX123 cleared for immediate 22.

So the MD-80 taxies to a position and stops…

Tower XXX123, you going or not?
XXX123 Yes yes, we’re going in a moment.

Tower If you would had rear-view mirrors in that plane of yours, you would’ve taken off five minutes ago.

18) Tower Alitalia 345 continue taxi holding position 26 South via Tango check for workers along taxiway
AZA Ali345 Taxi 26 Left A via Tango. Workers checked – all are working.

19) Aurora Moncton, TRIALS08 we’ll be working VFR at 4,500, loitering over the city of Saint John for about the next 10-15 minutes. We’d like radar flight following.
CZQM TRIALS08 roger your radar identified. Are you aware the city has bylaws against loitering?

Aurora Ah… roger that.

20) Leaving Palo Alto one Friday. A Citabria had just landed…

PAO 85 Uniform, Taxi to position and hold.

XX Position and hold, 85 Uniform.

Citabria Umm, Tower, there’s a dead seagull on the right side of the runway near the windsock.

PAO Roger. 85 Uniform, cleared for takeoff. Watch for a dead seagull on the right side of the runway.

XX 85 Uniform, Dead seagull traffic in sight.

A little later, the Citabria was downwind when heard:

PAO Citabria 123, cleared to land 30. Caution – there’s a buzzard trying to eat the seagull on the runway.
Source  businessballs.com guy-sports.com pilotfriend.com

I’m not at the stage, as it were, of believing that there are UFO’s with alien crews at the steering wheel, nibbling a sandwich whilst heading to Earth on a mission to study us. But there’s a lot of room out there  and a lot of unexplained phenomena, so who really knows – all we need is a really good photo…

1)    “On two of my missions and I still don’t have an answer, um I have seen a snake out there 6,7,8 feet long it is rubbery because it has internal waves in it & it follows you for a rather long period of time. The more you fly in space the more you see an incredible amount of things out there and that sort of brings to you really a certainty that other living creatures are out there. Some incredibly primitive, some just proteins coming together amino acids and single cell organisms and other civilisations have been around for millions of years that are doing unimaginable kinds of things.” [from an interview on disclose.tv]

Dr Story Musgrave A veteran of six space flights, Musgrave has spent a total of 1281 hours 59 minutes, 22 seconds in space the last one being in 1996.

1ufo and plane

2) “There was something out there that, uh, was close enough to be observed and what could it be? Mike (Collins) decided he thought he could see it in the telescope and he was able to do that and when it was in one position, that had a series of ellipses, but when you made it real sharp it was sort of L shaped. That didn’t tell us very much.”

Buzz Aldrin talking about the UFO which the crew of Apollo 11 saw in 1969 on their way to the moon. At the time they didn’t say anything direct to mission control but just asked them where a part of the rocket they had jettisoned 2 days earlier was, they were told 6000 miles away. Aldrin later stated that he didn’t think this was anything alien or extraterrestrial but that it was the detached panel.

1ufo big bright

3) “Mission control, we have an unidentified flying object pacing our position, request instructions.”

Cady [Catherine] Coleman NASA transmission, shuttle mission STS-73 1995. This was her first mission [of 2] and lasted for 16 days

4) “We were drifting in space with the control engines shut down and all the instrumentation off when suddenly an object appeared in the window. It had a very definite shape – like a beer can with an arm sticking out. I don’t know whether it was a very small object up close or a very large object a long way away. There was nothing to judge by. I really don’t know how big it was. We had two cameras that were just floating in the spacecraft at the time, so I grabbed one and took a picture of the object and grabbed the other and took a picture. Then I turned on the rocket control systems because I was afraid we might hit it…..”

“The film was sent back to NASA and reviewed by some NASA film technicians. One of them selected what he thought was what we talked about, at least before I had a chance to review it. It was not the picture — it was a picture of a sun reflection on the window.” “I reviewed the file myself a week or so later, frame by frame, and there was never anything that I saw in the pictures that looked like what I saw in space. The cameras were not set properly or the lighting wasn’t right or something.”

Brigadier Gen. James Mc Divitt Gemini 4 – 1964

1ufo brightx2

5)    “It followed us during half of our orbit. We observed it on the light side, and when we entered the shadow side, it disappeared completely. It was an engineered structure, made from some type of metal, approximately 40 meters long with inner hulls. The object was narrow here and wider here, and inside there were openings. Some places had projections like small wings. The object stayed very close to us. We photographed it, and our photos showed it to be 23 to 28 meters away”. From disclose.tv

The film was later confiscated and on their debriefing the cosmonauts were told never to reveal what they knew.
Cosmonaut Victor Afanasyev explaining what they saw during their journey from Star City to the Solyut Space Station in 1979.

1ufo snake

6)    “I was testing a P-51 fighter in Minneapolis when I spotted this object. I was at about 10,000 feet on a nice, bright, sunny afternoon. I thought the object was a kite, then I realized that no kite is gonna fly that high.” As I got closer it looked like a weather balloon, gray and about three feet in diameter. But as soon as I got behind the darn thing it didn’t look like a balloon anymore. It looked like a saucer, a disk. About the same time, I realized that it was suddenly going away from me — and there I was, running at about 300 miles per hour. I tracked it for a little way, and then all of a sudden the damn thing just took off. It pulled about a 45 degree climbing turn and accelerated and just flat disappeared.”

Mercury Astronaut Capt. Donald Slayton, revealed in an interview in 1951

1ufo snakes

7)    “On one occasion, I saw some strange vehicles that we assumed were UFO’s….flights of fighters flying by in the same sort of formation we flew, moving east to west….just like saucers they were metallic looking, but we couldn’t really get close enough to see more than that….they were flying higher and faster than we could go.

Mercury 9 & Gemini 5 Astronaut Gordon Cooper talking about a UFO encounter that occurred over Germany in 1951, the US Air Force scrambled its pilots including Cooper to go after the aircraft.

1ufo with orb

8)     “…but then this something started to move downwards. When it flew away it attracted all our attention. It looked like it was rotating….I don’t think it was a piece of space junk or debris. There is a lot of that in the Earth orbit – but our space surveillance locates them, and according to them there was nothing…”

Cosmonaut Musa Manarov Talking about the MIR docking mission in1991

1ufo red

9)    Jerry was on the MIR Russian space station for 5 months and was asked had he seen any UFO’s he replied “I have been asked that question so many times. In five months in space, I have seen unidentified flying objects for sure. Sometimes I looked out the window and I could see a metallic thing like a spoon flying methodically. The biggest problem in space is that it is very hard to judge distance. It could have been a spoon or a spaceship thousands of miles away. Let me tell you one thing, I have never heard someone knock at the door and say – Hey Jerry let me in.”

Dr Jerry Linenberger 1997 flight Space Shuttle Atlantis

1ufo lots

10) “There spread out as far as I could see were literally thousands of tiny luminous objects that glowed in the black skies like fireflies. I was riding slowly through them, and the sensation was like walking backwards through a pasture where someone had waved a wand and made all the fireflies stop right where they were and glow steadily.”

It was later discovered that these fireflies were ice particles and bits of paint coming off of the spacecraft.

John Glen the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962

The Lowdown…

cold7

1)      The cold is the most common infectious disease in humans. It is type of virus which affects the mucous membrane of the nose. There are around 200 different strains that result in the symptoms we associate with having a cold.

cold

2)      We are three times more likely to catch a cold in winter months than in summer [no one seems to know why]. Children have on average 4-8 colds a year. Adults average 2-3 unless they spend a lot of time in close contact with children in which case they’ll tend to have more. As we get older we build antibodies to each particular viral strain we’ve had so in theory we should be less likely to get infected.

cold10

3)      A cold virus in lab tests is not considered highly contagious or caught subject to the strength of someone’s immune system. Instead studies show that it is the length of time a person spends in close proximity with someone infected that generally determines whether they will catch it; you won’t necessarily catch a cold by kissing someone but you may if you sleep with them all night.

4)      A person is contagious even without symptoms; during the incubation period of between 12-48 hours before the cold and 3-4 days after when the infection appears to have gone.

The cold virus

The cold virus

5)      A cold virus can survive up to 3 hours outside of the body. It is [thought to be]spread by airborne droplets which can be inhaled directly or caught by touching contaminated people or objects with our hands and then touching our eyes nose or mouth.

6)      Antibiotics kill bacteria but they can’t kill a virus – antiviral drugs are not currently available for the common cold therefore there is no cure other than our own bodies natural defense mechanism; in this case taking from on average 3-7 days to clear.

cold honey

7)      The particular symptoms of a cold may vary slightly due to the type of strain but they are all alike in that they affect the nose and back of the throat – causing coughs, sneezing, runny nose, blocked nose, sore throat, headaches, earache and possibly tiredness. The symptoms are similar to that of the flu only the onset is generally slower, effects milder and there is no fever associated with a high temperature.

cold8

8)      Although the cold virus in itself is not particularly harmful it can lead to secondary bacterial infections and exasperate existing conditions such as asthma and COPD. Some of the complications experienced are:  sore and swollen eyes, sinusitis, inflammation of the inner ear, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.

cold4

9)      There are a number of theories about how we may potentially avoid infection: –

  • Stay away from people with colds
  • Avoid crowded places where possible, especially if enclosed
  • Wash hands regularly throughout the day
  • Avoid touching your face especially eyes and nose
  • Regularly ventilate – open windows – in air conditioned and centrally heated [dry] places
  • Wrap a scarf around your nose to keep it warm when outside
  • Ensure that you are eating a fresh nutrient full and well balanced diet
  • According to one study in Spain drinking 2 glasses of red wine a day can half your chances of infection.
  • Stress appears to be a large contributory factor so avoid stress where possible; especially divorce, moving house, getting a new job or holidaying with family.

10)   Forms of treatment; as stated above there is no cure but some symptoms are claimed to be helped or relieved by the following methods:-

  • To ease breathing

Steam inhalations – whether as a long hot shower, steam room or covered head over a bowl of hot water

Spicy foods that make your eyes and nose run

Salt nose drops

Humidified [warm] air

Numerous aromatherapy preparations such as peppermint and eucalyptus either added to humidifiers or as a body rub

Nasal sprays /decongestants as advised by pharmacist

Sleep with your head on a high pillow

Blow your nose gently – a blocked nose is caused by dilated blood vessels not snot so forceful blowing may make matters worse especially for your sinuses.

  • Sore throat and coughs

Gargling with salt water

Zinc lozenges

Honey & glycerin syrups

Other over the counter medications as per pharmacists advice

  • Diet and supplements

Drink plenty of water

Avoid dehydrating drinks specifically containing alcohol and caffeine

Warm drinks & hot soup may comfort and sooth symptoms

Eat the usual well balanced diet

Echinacea may in some cases shorten the length of the cold

High doses of vitamin C; studies have shown there may be some beneficial effect but only in extreme cases e.g. for Olympic athletes and those in arctic conditions.

  • To alleviate spread

Use paper tissues and throw away after each use

Wash hands regularly

Keep all surfaces, cloths, towels, sheets etc. clean and aired.

10 quotes from serial killers who on conviction really didn’t seem to bother themselves with any remorse or at least it appears that way.

Charles Manson

Charles Manson

1) Remorse for what? You people have done everything in the world to me. Doesn’t that give me equal right?

Charles Manson 1934 to date. Described as a career criminal, currently serving life in a Californian prison. Manson was convicted for murdering 2 men [in 1972] and for conspiracy to commit in the infamous Tate-La Bianca murders.  With an IQ of 109 and an apparent ‘intense need to call attention to himself’ he is a self proclaimed deistic figure with an apocalyptic vision. Manson attracted followers labelled ‘the family’ who he told he would protect during the up and coming Armageddon. Some of this family were convicted of carrying out the Tate-La Bianca murders. Manson apparently intrigues a lot of people as he receives 50,000 letters a year.

Ted Bundy

Ted Bundy

2) You feel the last bit of breath leaving their body. You’re looking into their eyes. A person in that situation is God.

Ted Bundy1946 -1989 Bundy admitted to killing 30 women. He was generally described as an intelligent articulate and good looking young man with a promising future ahead of him.  Instead he spent 4 years murdering women by breaking into their homes or luring them to their deaths by disguise . In the last interview before his execution he cited violent hard core pornography as a contributory factor for his actions and expressed concern for its continuing evolution and availability.

Albert Fish Pelvis with needles

Albert Fish- pelvis with needles

3) None of us are saints.

Albert Fish 1870 – 1936.  Fish said he had killed around 23 people. He apparently had an array of ‘disorders’ and was judged to be “disturbed but sane” by a psychiatrist prior to any convictions. Fish murdered then ate his victims, and at his trial professed that he heard the voice of God telling him to kill children. He was sentenced to death by electric chair for killing three. Known to be fond of self harm he is claimed to have said that being electrocuted would be “the supreme thrill.”

Carl Panzram

Carl Panzram

4) In my lifetime I have broken every law that was ever made by both man and God…if either had made more I should have cheerfully broken them also.

Carl Panzram 1891 – 1930. Panzram was first arrested at 9, then at 11 he went to a child detention center, after joining the army he went on to their prison. Shortly after release he was imprisoned again and escaped; by then he claimed to have killed 20 people. From here he went to prison for theft where he said he would murder the first person who annoyed him which he did, and for which he was sentenced to death by hanging. Apparently delighted with this he refused to appeal and even threatened to kill any human rights people who tried to intervene. His last words were “hurry it up you Hoosier bastard, I could kill 10 men while you’re fooling around.”

Dennis Neilson

Dennis Nilson

5) I don’t lose sleep over what I’ve done or have nightmares about it.

Dennis Nilsen1943 to date. Dennis Nilsen killed at least 15 men the motivation for which is said to be that after a series of failed relationships, he sought somebody that wouldn’t leave. Nilsen was caught due to in his attempt to dispose of rotting corpses; he inadvertently blocked the drainage system in his block of flats causing a terrible smell. Authorities including Human Rights have had a tough time in deciding on matters re Nilsen – from providing him with homosexual pornography, allowing the publication of his autobiography and the issue of a possible release date.

Peter Sutcliffe

Peter Sutcliffe

6) The women I killed were filth-bastard prostitutes who were littering the streets. I was just cleaning up the place a bit.

Peter Sutcliffe 1946 to date. Dubbed the Yorkshire Ripper, Sutcliffe confessed to killing 13 women and assaulting 7 within a period of 5 years in the North of England. Since his conviction in 1981 the police were heavily criticised for their apparent incompetence, the basis of this is that they relied heavily on evidence from a hoax. Forensics had found that the killer of one victim was a blood type B-secretor – 6% of the male population; on examining letters from this hoax they found that he was also blood type B [saliva on envelope] therefore when the hoaxer sent a tape with a ‘Geordie’ accent claiming to be the killer, investigators were told to eliminate suspects without certain criteria including this accent and blood type B. Sutcliffe was interviewed at least 9 times in connection with the killings but as he did not meet the criteria it never led to a more thorough investigation. Sutcliffe was finally caught on a routine matter and later confessed. He does not have a Geordie accent or is he a blood type B secretor.

Richard Ramirez

Richard Ramirez

7) Big deal, death always came with the territory. See you in Disneyland.

Richard Ramirez 1960 to date. In 1989 Ramirez was convicted of 67 felonies including 14 murders he is currently on death row in a Californian prison. A well liked child he was possibly affected by his cousin Mike, a psychopath who amongst other things shot his wife in the head whilst Ramirez aged 11 was present. After this he seemed to change and gradually began to take an increasing interest in the darker side of life including hard drugs and satan.  In 1985 he began a 6 month killing spree – unpredictable in victim selection and M.O. he was difficult to track down. Eventually a surviving victim saw what car he was driving giving the police and public the name and face of the killer dubbed the Night Stalker, within 24 hours  Ramirez was identified by a shopkeeper leading to his ‘mob’ capture and arrest.

Albert De Salvo

Albert De Salvo

It wasn’t as dark and scary as it sounds. I had a lot of fun….killing people is a funny experience.

Albert De Salvo 1931 – 1973 Dubbed the Boston Strangler De Salvo was in detention waiting for trial on a series of sexual assaults when he confided to another inmate that he had killed 13 women in Boston. After confessing to police they investigated further and although De Salvo was able to give some details of the killings he was not positively identified by a surviving victim or from eye witnesses. There was also speculation that the killings were the work of more than one man due to the differences in M.O. Whether he was the Boston Strangler or not is still uncertain as he was given life for his previous crimes and never stood trial for the Boston Killings. Alternative theories suggest that the man he allegedly confided in – George Nassar – was himself the Boston Strangler. De Salvo was murdered by ‘unknown’ in Walpole State Prison.

Robert Clifford Olson

Robert Clifford Olson

9) If I gave a shit about the parents I wouldn’t have killed the kid.

Robert Clifford Olson 1940 to date. Supposedly labelled by experts as the ‘quintessential psychopath’ in 1982 Olson was convicted of killing 11 children in a 9 month period. He was known to authorities having been arrested umpteen times in his life, and as a police informer. On his final arrest which connected him directly with one missing child Olson put a deal to the police that he would give the names and details of 11 children if they gave his wife $10,000 for each child he identified as murdered by him and one freebie = $100,000. A trust for his wife was set up,  the deal authorized by the Attorney General of British Columbia and monies transferred.

Ian & Myra

Ian & Myra

10) Contrary to popular misconception the so called Moors Murders were merely an existential exercise of just over a year, which was concluded in December 1964.

Ian Brady 1938 to date.  Brady is known for his role in the so called Moors Murders with his accomplice Myra Hindley. Brady was convicted of killing 3 children although he claimed to have killed 10. Hindley was convicted of killing 2 both were given life sentences. Brady’s philosophy on life was said to be one that championed cruelty & torture, and the idea that superior creatures had the right to control and destroy weaker ones. On his relationship with Hindley he said “….. before we met my criminal activities had been primarily mercenary. Afterwards, a duality of motivation developed. Existential philosophy melded with the spirituality of death and became predominant. We experimented with the concept of total possibility……apart our futures would have taken radically divergent courses.” Hindley died in 2001. Brady has failed several legal attempts to starve himself to death.


Source  homeoffice.gov.uk Cancrime.com Serial killercalendar.com En.wikipedia.org Biography.com Crimelibrary.com